Ten days later, the passions have not subsided, on the contrary. The publication on May 2 by the site Politico of the preliminary draft of an upcoming decision of the Supreme Court of the United States has triggered a political earthquake: the highest American court could overturn the famous judgment “Roe vs Wade” of 1973, which has protected the right to abortion for nearly half a century in the country, and leave it to the States to legislate. The document is only a first draft dating from February, and nothing prevents one of the five judges of the Court (out of nine) who are behind this majority opinion from changing their mind before it be made public, probably at the end of June. But this about-face remains unlikely.
Questioning abortion in the United States: 5 questions on the Supreme Court’s draft
In about half of the States, abortion should therefore become illegal, with variations. Some have set the threshold for the ban at six weeks of pregnancy, others at fifteen. Some laws, such as the one passed by Texas in 2021, do not provide for derogation even in the event of rape or incest. And the severe penalties, for any doctor or person practicing voluntary termination of pregnancy (IVG), are reminiscent of those incurred in the 19th century.and century. In Oklahoma, for example, they can go up to ten years in prison and a fine of 100,000 dollars (95,000 euros).
From medical school in Galveston, Texas, Mathilda Nicot-Cartsonis,